17 October 2020 Varnashram is for the pleasure of Lord Hari Hare Krsna! Devotees from 720 locations are chanting with us right now. om agayana-timirandhasya gayananjana-salakaya chaksur unmilitam yena tasmai sri-gurave namah Devotees from Thailand are doing Mangal Aarati and you all were chanting. Most of the people in this world don't chant. You can see many people around you who are not chanting. They don't chant nor perform any austerity. They are always engaged in their work. They are the followers of Kali. kalau sudra-sambhava Everyone in this age of Kali Yuga is a Sudra[low class]. They are all majorly in the mode of ignorance. Their goodness is taken away by this age. Goodness is lost and ignorance and passion remain. Everyone is a Sudra. This has nothing to do with Hindus, Muslims, Christians, or any other person. You cannot say, “I cannot be Sudra because I am not born in a Hindu family or simply because I am not a Hindu.” catur-varnyam maya srstam guna-karma-vibhagasah tasya kartaram api mam viddhy akartaram avyayam Translation: According to the three modes of material nature and the work ascribed to them, the four divisions of human society were created by Me. And, although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the non-doer, being unchangeable.[BG 4.13] Everyone is the Lord's creation and has been classified according to the qualities and actions. All the qualities that you see or find in this world are divided into the 3 main modes of nature - goodness, passion, and ignorance. As per these qualities, there are four Varna: 1. Brahmana 2. Ksatriya 3. Vaisya and 4. Sudra. Brahmans are dominated by the mode of goodness. You can find Brahmanas all over the world in any country. People who study sastras and share with others are called Brahmanas. Sastras are available everywhere. You can find Brahmanas in any part of the world. Some people study the Bible, Some study Quran or some study Granth Sahib. They are Brahmanas. They study and preach. They are not connected to Krsna consciousness, but they are God-consciousness. We may not refer to them as Brahmanas, but according to their work and quality, they fall in the category of Brahmana. Then we find Ksatriyas who are dominated by both modes of goodness and passion. Vaisyas are dominated by the mode of passion. They are usually engaged in farming, cattle rearing, and other business activities. Earlier at the age of 5 years child used to go to Gurukul. brahmacārī gurukule vasan dānto guror hitam ācaran dāsavan nīco gurau sudṛḍha-sauhṛdaḥ Translation: Nārada Muni said: A student should practice completely controlling his senses. He should be submissive and should have an attitude of firm friendship for the spiritual master. With a great vow, the brahmacārī should live at the gurukula, only for the benefit of the guru.[ SB 7.12.1] Krsna, Balarama, and Sudama also went to Sandipani Muni's Ashram. According to the qualities of the child, Gurukul gave training.Those who don't have qualities matching to those in the above mentioned 3 fall in the category of Sudras. Their job is to serve these 3 categories [Brahmana, Ksatriya, Vaisya] and are called Dwija, which means twice-born. Sudras are not called Dwija. They are also under Varnasram. But the Sudras who are not interested in serving the other categories are out-castes. They are considered to be lower than Sudras. People belonging to any of these 4 categories are considered to be having the qualities of a human being. But those who don't fall in any of these categories are not to be considered as humans, because they are not following any dharma or discipline. We have bodies, and we sustain and maintain these bodies with grains(food). Food nourishes all the parts of the body.You don't need to feed your hands, legs or head separately. Similarly, for the maintenance of society, Dharma plays a nourishing role. All these 4 Varnas unanimously follow their prescribed Dharma and Krsna is Father of all of them. sarva-yonisu kaunteya murtayah sambhavanti yah tasam brahma mahad yonir aham bija-pradah pita Translation: It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kunti, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father.[ BG 14.4] By rendering services unto the Lord, the perfection of life can be attained. People will be called sadhus as per their qualities. They abide by and then also preach Krsna consciousness. Dharmo Rakshati Rakshitah They are protected by Dharma, who protect Dharma. kaler doṣa-nidhe rājann asti hy eko mahān guṇaḥ kīrtanād eva kṛṣṇasya mukta-saṅgaḥ paraṁ vrajet Translation: My dear King, although Kali-yuga is an ocean of faults, there is still one good quality about this age: Simply by chanting the Hare Kṛṣṇa mahā-mantra, one can become free from material bondage and be promoted to the transcendental kingdom. [SB 12.3.51] Kaliyuga is an ocean of negativities, yet there is one good quality which is a great boon. Simply chanting and remembering Krsna one can be freed from the entangling nets of this material nature. On the other hand, the followers of Kali are engaged in the activities where Pariksita Maharaja allowed Kali to stay, the places of 4 major sins. abhyarthitas tadā tasmai sthānāni kalaye dadau dyūtaṁ pānaṁ striyaḥ sūnā yatrādharmaś catur-vidhaḥ Translation: Sūta Gosvāmī said: Mahārāja Parīkṣit, thus being petitioned by the personality of Kali, gave him permission to reside in places where gambling, drinking, prostitution and animal slaughter were performed.[SB 1.17.38] A Vaisnava can very easily give up even the thoughts of meat-eating, intoxication, gambling, and illicit sex. Even the desire to commit any kind of sinful activities will be completely gone. paraṁ brahma paraṁ dhāma pavitraṁ paramaṁ bhavān puruṣaṁ śāśvataṁ divyam ādi-devam ajaṁ vibhum āhus tvām ṛṣayaḥ sarve devarṣir nāradas tathā asito devalo vyāsaḥ svayaṁ caiva bravīṣi me Translation: Arjuna said: You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the ultimate abode, the purest, the Absolute Truth. You are the eternal, transcendental, original person, the unborn, the greatest. All the great sages such as Nārada, Asita, Devala and Vyāsa confirm this truth about You, and now You Yourself are declaring it to me.[BG 10.12-13] Just like the darkness runs away as soon as the sun rises, similarly as soon as we engage in the services of Krsna, who is like millions of suns, Maya will be gone. kṛṣṇa — sūrya-sama; māyā haya andhakāra yāhāṅ kṛṣṇa, tāhāṅ nāhi māyāra adhikāra Translation: “Kṛṣṇa is compared to sunshine, and māyā is compared to darkness. Wherever there is sunshine, there cannot be darkness. As soon as one takes to Kṛṣṇa consciousness, the darkness of illusion (the influence of the external energy) will immediately vanish.[CC Madhya 22.31] Do you want to hear the name of a disciple of Kali? There are many and this too. They are Jagai and Madhai. They did all types of sins. I want to say that a person who is engaged in the processes of chanting, kirtana, studying Srimad Bhagavatam, in association of sadhus, honoring prasada will become purified. As soon as you come in contact with devotees of Krsna, they will start putting in efforts in bringing us closer to Krsna, engaging us in Services to Krsna. According to the qualities the Lord has made 4 Varnas and then 4 ashrams. cātur-varṇyaṁ mayā sṛṣṭaṁ guṇa-karma-vibhāgaśaḥ tasya kartāram api māṁ viddhy akartāram avyayam Translation: According to the three modes of material nature and the work associated with them, the four divisions of human society are created by Me. And although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the nondoer, being unchangeable.[BG 4.13] The goal is to serve Krsna. kali-kāle nāma-rūpe kṛṣṇa-avatāra nāma haite haya sarva-jagat-nistāra Translation: In this Age of Kali, the holy name of the Lord, the Hare Kṛṣṇa mahā-mantra, is the incarnation of Lord Kṛṣṇa. Simply by chanting the holy name, one associates with the Lord directly. Anyone who does this is certainly delivered. [CC 1.17.22] He appears to re-establish Dharma, so in Kaliyuga He has appeared in names. Engage in more and more chanting. I hope that you all understood well. Share in brief what you have understood in today's class. Question and Answer session Question 1: As you said that those who read the Bible, Quran, are called Brahmanas. But recently pope said that eating and mating are god gift qualities. So what type of Brahamana is he? (Haridasa Thakur Prabhu, Gurugram) Gurudev Uvaca : They are Kaliyugi Brahmanas. Their intelligence is influenced by Kali so they give such statements. The same Pope who gave that statement said yesterday that we can make the Lord happy by prayers and one should cry while praying to the Lord. They have the qualities, but are influenced by Kali. Similarly, if someone does the administration they are called Ksatriya and so on. Every continent, every country has people falling in each of these categories. It is not only limited to India. If people take birth in a Brahmana family they say we are Brahmanas. Like this so-called Brahmanas, Ksatriya, and Vaisya are there. It is the influence of Kali that controls them.The dollar currency says - In God We Trust. They take an oath on the Bible. Wherever there are church and religious institutions, Brahmanas will be there, but they are influenced by kali. Question 2: How do people in administration in ISKCON understand Varnasrama Dharma as they toggle in all the 4 Varnas. Because he has to do all the activities that belong to his life, his family, and temple. What will be his base varna? And how will the toggling of different Varnas influence the base varna. (Param Karuna Prabhu, Nagpur) Gurudev Uvaca :We should play all the roles as Vaisnavas, Vaisnavas are beyond the rules of Varnasrama. They perform all the duties be it of a Brahmana or Sudra simply to satisfy Krsna. They may teach like a Brahmana, do administration like a Ksatriya, distribution books like a Vaisya, or clean temple like a Sudra. Brahmanas give training. The work of ISKCON is like that of a Brahmana. Prabhupada said that there is a shortage of Brahmanas. Without Brahmanas, a society is headless. ISKCON gives guidance to the Society. When a child goes to Gurukula, he gets training by a brahmana, according to his qualities. ISKCON plays this role of giving training. Lord says in Gita: evam parampara-praptam imam rajarsayo viduh sa kaleneha mahata yogo nastah parantapa Translation: This supreme science was thus received through the chain of disciplic succession, and the saintly kings understood it in that way. But in course of time the succession was broken, and therefore the science as it is appears to be lost. [BG 4.2] The Lord said to Arjuna, “The knowledge which I am giving you will first be received by kings through the Brahmana. Then they will be called Rajarsay [Saintly kings].” ISKCON plays the role of Brahmana and gives training. ISKCON is an educational society. As you are a member of ISKCON, if required you become a brahmana, or if required you become Ksatriya. If required raise funds and build a temple.