7 January 2021
Hare Kṛṣṇa !
om namo bhagavate vasudevaya!
bahūnāṁ janmanām ante
jñānavān māṁ prapadyate
vāsudevaḥ sarvam iti
sa mahātmā su-durlabhaḥ
After many births and deaths, he who is actually in knowledge surrenders unto Me, knowing Me to be the cause of all causes and all that is. Such a great soul is very rare. (BG 7.19)
This is knowledge, complete knowledge. To know vāsudevaḥ sarvam iti, Vasudeva is all in all.
yasmin vijñāte sarvam idaṁ vijñātaṁ bhavati
By understanding the Lord, we understand everything.
Person who knows the Vasudeva, is known as Mahatma and such mahatmas are very rare. [Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.3]
I'm sharing some of my insights on Bhagavad Gita. At the end of chapter 9, which is the interval of Bhagavad Gita, the Lord has made the same point which is repeated at the end of chapter 18. Almost 3 verses has been repeated by Kṛṣṇa. I would like you all to learn these verses of Bhagavad Gita.
man-manā bhava mad-bhakto
mad-yājī māṁ namaskuru
mām evaiṣyasi yuktvaivam
Engage your mind always in thinking of Me, become My devotee, offer obeisances to Me and worship Me. Being completely absorbed in Me, surely you will come to Me. (BG 9.34)
This verse is very important as the topic discussed is important.
Once Srila Prabhupada said, "We follow 4 regulative principles.” The devotees sitting there thought that Prabhupada would say - no meat eating, no intoxication, no gambling and no illegal sex. But instead he said this verse which states the 4 do's which one must offer to the Lord . These are
Engage your mind in thinking of Me.
Become My devotee.
Offer obeisances unto Me.
By doing this, “Being absorbed in Me you will surely achieve Me.” This is also known as confidential knowledge. Kṛṣṇa is repeating this at the end of Bhagavad Gita in the 18th chapter again.
Only important points are repeated multiple times to stress the importance of a topic. We must take note of this. There are a few verses which are known as paribhasa sutras (definitive verses)
We have one such verse from Srimad Bhagwatam
ete cāmśa-kalāḥ puṁsaḥ
kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam
mṛḍayanti yuge yuge
All of the above-mentioned incarnations are either plenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord, but Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa is the original Personality of Godhead. All of them appear on planets whenever there is a disturbance created by the atheists. The Lord incarnates to protect the theists. ( SB 1.3.28)
Paribhasa verse for Brahma Samhita
īśvaraḥ paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ
anādir ādir govindaḥ
Kṛṣṇa who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes. [B.S. 5.1]
Similarly we have such verses in Bhagavad Gita.
I am sitting with Bhagavad Gita in my hands because we are born in the age of Kali and we are conditioned to forgetfulness. That’s the reason Vyasadeva has written down the Vedic literatures. In the past devotees memorised them.
The middle chapters of the Bhagavad Gita, 7-12 are important as they are based on Bhakti Yoga. The initial 6 chapters and the last 6 chapters are providing a fence around the middle 6 chapters. In the middle of the 10th chapter, is The Opulence of the Absolute. We have heard about the six opulences of the Lord, but here we can hear more opulences of the Lord. The four verses of this chapter are known as the paribhasa sutras of the Bhagavad Gita. I want you all to become the students of Bhagavad Gita. Become the students of Lord Kṛṣṇa. He is the teacher, so become His student, accept Bhagavad Gita as the syllabus and study it. It does not matter if you have studied Geography or Biology, if you haven't studied Bhagavad Gita then your so-called knowledge is useless.
ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo
mattaḥ sarvaṁ pravartate
iti matvā bhajante māṁ
I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts. (BG 10.8)
Kṛṣṇa says, "I am the source of everything that exists, either in the material or spiritual world.” Homework for you is to read the verse and its purports. People in the western world think that they have some unanswered questions. They think we don't know what is the source of our origin? How did this world come into being? Here Lord Kṛṣṇa has openly proclaimed, "I am the source of everything". What else do you want to know? In the purport, Srila Prabhupada has written - Kṛṣṇa is declaring, " I'm the source of everything". If you understand and accept this, then you are intelligent. What is He saying, aham means I, only Lord Kṛṣṇa can claim this.
kathayantaś ca māṁ nityaṁ
tuṣyanti ca ramanti ca
The thoughts of My pure devotees dwell in Me, their lives are fully devoted to My service, and they derive great satisfaction and bliss from always enlightening one another and conversing about Me. (BG 10.9)
This is the second verse, "Whatever is matter or spirit I am the source of all". Srila Prabhupada says, 'Life comes from life, not from matter'. The source of our soul or our body is life which is made up of five elements earth, water, air, fire, ether.
nityo nityānāṁ cetanaś cetanānām
eko yo bahūnāṁ vidadhāti kāmān
Amongst all the living entities, both conditioned and liberated, there is one supreme living personality, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who maintains them and gives them all the facility of enjoyment according to different work. That Supreme Personality of Godhead is situated in everyone’s heart as Paramātmā. [Kaṭha Upaniṣad 2.2.13]
There is Lord Kṛṣṇa and His energies - Bahiranga (external), Antaranga (internal) and Tathasta (marginal) sakti. From the material energy (Bahiranga), whatever we perceive in the material world is created. From the spiritual energy (Antaranga) the whole spiritual world is created and in the middle there is the marginal potency (tathastha) wherein lies the living entities. It is known as marginal, because the soul lies in the middle, called the marginal potency.
na tasya kāryaṁ karaṇaṁ ca vidyate
na tat-samaś cābhyadhikaś ca dṛśyate
parāsya śaktir vividhaiva śrūyate
svābhāvikī jñāna-bala-kriyā ca
Translation: Nārāyaṇa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is almighty, omnipotent. He has multifarious energies, and therefore He is able to remain in His own abode and without endeavour supervise and manipulate the entire cosmic manifestation through the interaction of the three modes of material nature [Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad 6.8]
Everything is an expansion of the energies of Krsna. These are the basic three energies of the Lord and there are more sub divisions of the energies. The source of energy is Lord Kṛṣṇa and He is known as shaktimaan. We know that a generator generates electricity. Similarly Kṛṣṇa is our Generator. One who understands this, his consciousness gets attached to Kṛṣṇa. Ashcharya vat, then he will say, 'How wonderful is the Lord' and will devote himself in Lord Kṛṣṇa's service. He will be amazed by knowing the Lord, get different realisations and then share it with others, finding peace in the shelter of the Lord. The soul will find such satisfaction in the discussions on the topics of the Lord’s pastimes. tuṣyanti ca ramanti ca.
Meditate, study, contemplate on the topics you've heard, get convinced.
1.Is Krsna the source of Ignorance too?
In 15th chapter of Bhagavad Gita, the Lord says,
sarvasya cāhaṁ hṛdi sanniviṣṭo
mattaḥ smṛtir jñānam apohanaṁ ca
vedaiś ca sarvair aham eva vedyo
vedānta-kṛd veda-vid eva cāham
I am seated in everyone’s heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas, I am to be known. Indeed, I am the compiler of Vedānta, and I am the knower of the Vedas. (BG 15.15)
The Lord is busy. What does He do while sitting in the heart of a person? “I give knowledge or forgetfulness or ignorance.” The Lord is the source of everything. When Hiranyakashipu asked his son Prahlada, “Who gives you intelligence?” Prahlada replied, "The source of my good intelligence and your exploitative intelligence is one. The source of my devotion and your demoniac nature of abusing your power and strength is one. Like electricity is the source of giving heat and cold, origin is the same but the effects are different, whatever one desired or deserved, one will be bestowed.”
vistīrṇe prema-sāgare |
yo dīno dīna eva saḥ ||19||
The advent of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu is just like an expanding ocean of nectar. One who does not collect the valuable jewels within this ocean is certainly the poorest of the poor. (Caitanya Candrika by Srila Prabodhananda Sarasvati)
Caitanya Mahaprabhu has propagated the movement of love but those who do not wish to take it, they have sent to anartha sagara to suffer. By knowledge you can differentiate between good and evil, lust and love, jnana and ajnana. The Lord said, “I'm the origin of knowledge” Then similarly He is the origin of evil too. Why to ask? Who else can be the origin? Maya is there but she also belongs to Krsna,
This material nature, which is one of My energies, is working under My direction, O son of Kuntī, producing all moving and nonmoving beings. Under its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again. (BG 9.10)
Even Ignorance belongs to Krsna.
daivī hy eṣā guṇa-mayī
mama māyā duratyayā
mām eva ye prapadyante
māyām etāṁ taranti te
This divine energy of Mine, consisting of the three modes of material nature, is difficult to overcome. But those who have surrendered unto Me can easily cross beyond it. (BG 7.14)