28 January 2021
Attractor of the All Attractive
jaya jaya śrī caitanya jaya nityānanda
jayādvaita-candra jaya gaura bhakta vrṇda
nama om vishnu-padaya krishna-preshthaya bhu-tale
srimate bhaktivedanta-svamin iti namine
namas te sarasvate deve gaura-vani-pracarine
jaya sri-krsna-caitanya prabhu nityananda sri-advaita gadadhara srivasadi-gaura-bhakta-vrinda
Hare Krishna Hare Krishna
Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama Hare Rama
Rama Rama Hare Hare
Devotees from 762 locations are chanting with us. Yesterday we were hearing and reading Srīla Prabhupāda’s commentary on the Hare Krishna mahā-mantra. We will start from where we stopped. Did you get the statement? If not, then please make sure you get it for repeated reading, hearing and contemplating. After reading, one must understand and make others understand too. gaura-vani-pracarine - preaching the message of Lord Caitanya. Srīla Prabhupāda has spread this message or the holy name on behalf of Lord Caitanya.
Srīla Prabhupāda continues:
The word Hara is the form of addressing the energy of the Lord. The word Hare in the mahā-mantra is derived from the word Hara. Hara is the Ahladini Sakti or internal potency of Kṛṣṇa. This internal potency is Radha. This energy of Kṛṣṇa or Hara attracts Kṛṣṇa. Krsna is known as Madan Mohan, who attracts Madan or Kāma deva and Radharani is Madan Mohan Mohini - the One who attracts Kṛṣṇa, Madan Mohan. This energy becomes a personality, who is Radharani. Hare is the way to address Hara or Radharani.
Srīla Prabhupāda further says, both Kṛṣṇa and Rāma are forms of addressing the Lord directly and They mean the highest pleasure, eternal. One is the name of Kṛṣṇa, another is Rama and the third is Hare, in the mahā-mantra. Rāma is Lord Srī Rāma. People would ask Srīla Prabhupāda, "Who is Rāma in the mahā-mantra. Is He Lord Sri Rama?" Prabhupāda would reply, "Yes yes, this is the same Rama or Balarama also." But since Hare is Radharani, therefore Rāma is Kṛṣṇa only in the mahā-mantra. If we consider Rāma as Sri Rāma, then this Hare must be addressing Sita, but since Srīla Prabhupāda already asserted Hare as Radharani, therefore Rāma must be Kṛṣṇa here.
ya ramati ramayati ca iti ramah
The one who derives joy for Himself and gives joy to others is Rāma or Sri Kṛṣṇa. The Kṛṣṇa Balaram temple in Vrindavan is in Raman Reti. That area is known as Raman Reti because Kṛṣṇa performed His transcendental pastimes with Radharani there. He also performed His pastimes with Balarama, the Gopis, cows and cowherd boys. In the courtyard of Kṛṣṇa Balaram temple, there is a Tamal tree and the proposal was to remove it during the construction of the temple, but Srīla Prabhupāda rejected that proposal. That was because the colour of the tree is that of Kṛṣṇa. Kṛṣṇa is also known as Tamala varna or Tamala Kṛṣṇa. Srīla Prabhupāda also named a disciple Tamala Kṛṣṇa Goswami. When Radharani sees the Tamala tree, it reminds Her of Kṛṣṇa and She runs to embrace the tree thinking of Kṛṣṇa. The Tamala tree has an intimate relationship with the transcendental pastimes of Radha and Kṛṣṇa. All glories to such a Tamala tree!
Rāma is one who derives joy for Himself and gives joy to others. Rāma is derived from the word Rama in Sanskrit. Ya akarshati sa Kṛṣṇaha Krsna attracts everyone. This is His transcendental quality. He is also called Rāma as He performs varied pastimes. Kṛṣṇa is called many names according to His pastimes, but the foremost name is Kṛṣṇa and this is what we call out during chanting when we say Hare Krsna.
Sva-madhuryena mac-cittah akarsaya
O Krsna! Capture my mind with the sweetness of your name, form and pastimes. (Explanation of the Mahā-mantra by Gopala Guru Gosvami)
When we say Hare Kṛṣṇa, it is our request to Him to attract our mind and attention with His pastimes and qualities.
kathayantaś ca māṁ nityaṁ
tuṣyanti ca ramanti ca
The thoughts of My pure devotees dwell in Me, their lives are fully devoted to My service, and they derive great satisfaction and bliss from always enlightening one another and conversing about Me. (BG. 10.9)
In Bhagavad-Gīta Kṛṣṇa says, "mac-cittā- whose thoughts dwell in Me and who are attracted by Me, mad-gata-prāṇā- whose lives are fully devoted to My service, bodhayantaḥ parasparam - who discuss about My pastimes and derive satisfaction (tuṣyanti ca) and bliss (ramanti ca) - such is My devotee."
maya saha ramasva
O Hari! Take pleasure in me and enjoy with me. (Explanation of the Mahā-mantra by Gopala Guru Gosvami)
Srīla Prabhupāda continues - Hara is the supreme pleasure potency of the Lord. Kṛṣṇa is sat-cit-ananda. Sandhini is Kṛṣṇa's energy of eternal existence (Sat), Samvit is Krsna´s energy of eternal knowledge (Cit) and Ahladini is Kṛṣṇa's energy of eternal bliss (Ananda). Therefore, Kṛṣṇa is sat-cit-ananda - made up of eternity, knowledge and bliss.
parashya shaktir vibhidhev shruyate
There are different energies of the Lord. Our discussion here is with respect to this Ahladini energy or Radharani who gives pleasure to Kṛṣṇa.
īśvaraḥ paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ
anādir ādir govindaḥ
Kṛṣṇa who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes. (Śrī Brahma-Saṁhitā 5.1)
Kṛṣṇa is said to be sarva karan kaaranam, the prime cause of all causes. As the energy (Radharani) and the possessor of energy (Kṛṣṇa) are non-different. Therefore Kṛṣṇa is His own energy and He personified as Radharani to give pleasure to Himself.
ek atmanāma api
deha bedha gatau to
Radha Kṛṣṇa ek tanu hai - Radha and Kṛṣṇa are one soul, two transcendental bodies. Tanu means vigrah or Deities. Deha bedha gatau to, One is Krsna and another is Radharani. Just to perform the pastimes, They became two but actually They are one. This relationship of Kṛṣṇa with Radharani is very profound.
I think the time is up. We could discuss only one paragraph, 2-3 paragraphs are remaining. We shall discuss this in the next session. We wish this mercy of Radharani is bestowed on us as well!
Srīla Prabhupāda is a Radha devotee like all Gaudiya Vaisnavas. Gaudiya Vaisnavas worship Radharani and later on they become Kṛṣṇa devotees also. We worship those who worship Radha Kṛṣṇa.
ramyā kācid upāsanā vraja-vadhu-vargeṇa yā kalpitā
There is no better worship than what was conceived by the gopīs.
Sri Kṛṣṇa Caitanya Mahāprabhu strongly recommended that we must be devoted to the Gopis of Vraja and the chief amongst them is Radharani. Therefore we must be situated in the mood of Radharani following in Her footsteps and worshipping like Her. Then the mercy of Radharani will be bestowed. Kṛṣṇa is the epitome of mercy and so is Radharani. She bestows her mercy to us through Srīla Prabhupāda. Therefore we offer our respectful obeisances to Srīla Prabhupāda.
Question and Answer
All our mundane activities come to an end at the stage of pure goodness. How?
The mode of pure goodness or suddha satva is away from the three modes of material nature, namely mode of goodness, passion and ignorance. This is a kind of stage of our progress in spiritual life. Therefore this stage can be considered as one of the satvas, the 4th satva or suddha satva (nirguna or without any mundane attribute).
guṇaiḥ karmāṇi sarvaśaḥ
kartāham iti manyate
The spirit soul bewildered by the influence of false ego thinks himself the doer of activities that are in actuality carried out by the three modes of material nature. (BG. 3.27)
Whatever we do, is influenced by the three modes of material nature, but when we attain pure goodness then it is not influenced by the three modes or lust, but by love for Kṛṣṇa.
māṁ ca yo ’vyabhicāreṇa
sa guṇān samatītyaitān
One who engages in full devotional service, unfailing in all circumstances, at once transcends the modes of material nature and thus comes to the level of Brahman. (BG. 14.26)
'The three modes of material nature' - here Kṛṣṇa is summarising it. Please read it and it will be clear from the purport. Srīla Prabhupāda explains, one who engages in full devotional service, unfailing in all circumstances, at once transcends the modes of material nature and thus comes to the level of Brahman. This stage is also called Brahman Bhuta or Suddha Satva. One is satva (goodness) and other is Suddha Satva (pure goodness). Goodness is material but pure goodness is spiritual or transcendental.
Gaura premanande hari haribol!