26th July 2020
Radharani in Caitanya lila
Chanting is taking place from 808 locations. Today is Sunday morning. Devotees from Australia are also chanting. Welcome, you all. Gauranga! Stop chatting. There will be an announcement at the end of this talk to tell us what to do and what not.
śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanya, rādhā-kṛṣṇa nahe anya.
rādhā kṛṣṇa-praṇaya-vikṛtir hlādinī śaktir asmād
ekātmānāv api bhuvi purā deha-bhedaṁ gatau tau
caitanyākhyaṁ prakaṭam adhunā tad-dvayaṁ caikyam āptaṁ
rādhā-bhāva-dyuti-suvalitaṁ naumi kṛṣṇa-svarūpam
The loving affairs of Śrī Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa are transcendental manifestations of the Lord’s internal pleasure-giving potency. Although Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa are one in Their identity, They separated Themselves eternally. Now, these two transcendental identities have again united, in the form of Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya. I bow down to Him, who has manifested Himself with the sentiment and complexion of Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī although He is Kṛṣṇa Himself.
Radha and Krsna are one. Despite any differences, one soul becomes two. One is Krsna and the other is Radharani. They become Radha Krsna. 500 years ago those two souls became one as Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
rādhā-bhāva-dyuti-suvalitaṁ naumi kṛṣṇa-svarūpam
Krishna Dasa Kaviraja Goswami explains that Krsna accepted the mood of Radharani and also the complexion of Rādhā and became Sri Krsna Caitanya.They are one, but in Vrindavan, they become two and in Navadvipa they become one - two in one that is Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
antaḥ kṛṣṇaṁ bahir gauraṁ
kalau saṅkīrtanādyaiḥ sma
“I take shelter of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya Mahāprabhu, who is outwardly of a fair complexion but is inwardly Kṛṣṇa Himself. In this Age of Kali He displays His expansions [His aṅgas and upāṅgas] by performing congregational chanting of the holy name of the Lord.”
When They become one, inside is Krsna (syama) and outside is Gaura (fair, Radharani’s complexion). Krsna has externally accepted the complexion of Radharani, so Shyamsundar becomes Gaurasundar. He accepts the mood of Srimati Radharani.
I bow down to such a form. In Caitanya Mahaprabhu's form, Radharani is with Krsna. They are one. Thus Caitanya Svarupa is formed. In the Prakat Lila of Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Radharani also appears as one of the Pancatattva members as Gadadhar pandit.
śrī-advaita gadādhara śrīvāsādi-gaura-bhakta-vṛnda
dakhiṇe nitāicāńd, bāme gadādhara
nikaṭe advaita, śrīnivāsa chatra-dhara
On Lord Caitanya's right side is Lord Nityananda and on His left is Sri Gadadhara. Nearby stands Sri Advaita, and Srivasa Thakura is holding an umbrella over Lord Caitanya's head. [ Gauri Aarti Verse 2]
The Pancatattva are present in front of us when we take darsana in Mayapur Candrodiya Temple. We see that Caitanya Mahaprabhu is in the middle and on His left side is Gadadhar Pandit. That is Radharani in the form of Gadadhar Pandit to participate in the pastimes in Caitanya Lila.
When we talk about Deity worship or Caitanya Mahaprabhu's Worship, we worship Pancatattva, or Caitanya and Nityananda, as Gaura Nitai. Here we worship Krsna and Balarama.
brajendra-nandana jei, śacī-suta hoilo sei,
balarāma hoilo nitāi.
Lord Kṛṣṇa, the son of the King of Vraja, became the son of Śacī, and Balarāma became Nitāi.
The son of Nanda Maharaja, Krsna has appeared as Caitanya and Balarama appeared as Nitai. They are the fathers of the Sankirtana movement. We also worship Gaur and Gadadhar together. When we go to Yogapitha for darsana, we see Nimai under the Neem tree, further on in the parikrama we see the Deities of Gaur Gadadhar.
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura worshipped Gaura Gadadhar at Godrumdvipa, where his samadhi is. Worshipping Gaur Gadadhar is worshipping Radha and Krsna. Gaura is Krsna and Gadadhar is Radharani. Caitanya Mahaprabhu is both Radha and Krsna. Radharani appears as Gadadhar Pandit.
One more Radharani appeared as Sri Gadadhar. One is Gadadhar Pandit and the other is Sri Gadadhar. This Sri Gadadhar is the effulgence of Srimati Radharani. Caitanya Mahaprabhu told Nityananda Prabhu "What are you doing here? Go to Jagannatha Puri, go to Bengal and preach there.” Nityananda went with so many devotees. Among them, Sri Gadadhar was also there. Sri Gadadhar once went to meet Chand Kazi to ask him to say, ‘Hare Krsna or ‘Haribol.’ Chand Kazi said, “I will chant Haribol tomorrow.” Sri Gadadhar got excited and said, “You have chanted it today”. He would come in the mood of Radharani and start acting like the Gopis. He would take the pot and say, "Take curd. Take butter. Take Damodar. Take Madhav” in the mood of Vrindavan. This is the third Radharani. Jagadananda Pandit was also part of Gaura Lila and a close associate of Mahaprabhu. He was Sri Satyabhama of Dvaraka. Vrindavan's Radharani herself expands as Satyabhama of Dvaraka and this expansion appears as Jagadananda Pandit in Gaura Lila. Gadadhar Pandit, Sri Gadadhar, or Jagadananda Pandit, their external bodies are male, but their mood is feminine, like that of the Gopis. The same happens with the Goswamis.
They are also Manjaris who have appeared in Gaura Lila. When we read the pastimes of Jagadananda Pandit we can easily make out that this must be Satyabhama of Dvaraka. He also lived in Jagannatha Puri with Mahaprabhu. Svarupa Damodar, who was Mahaprabhu's secretary at Puri, is Lalita Sakhi and Raya Ramananda, who was the Governor of Andhra Pradesh, is Vishakha. When Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to the banks of the Godavari and met Vishakha, He could not hide His identity. He revealed himself as Sri Krsna and Srimati Radharani united. Raya Ramananda saw the dual form. Raya Ramananda had taken early retirement and came to Jagannatha Puri for Mahaprabhu's association. Both Swarupa Damodar (Lalita) and Raya Ramananda (Vishakha) were the companions of Mahaprabhu in Gambhira at Puri, just like Lalita and Vishakha were accompanying Krsna. Caitanya Mahaprabhu is Radha Krsna and His Dhama is Navadvipa, also non-different from Sri Vrindavan Dhama.