8th February 2020
Kirtaniya Sada Hari
Yesterday we celebrated Nityanand Trayodasi.
ha ha prabhu nityananda, premananda sukhi
krpabalokana koro, ami baro duhkhi ( By Srila Narottama Dasa Thakura)
My dear Lord Nityananda, You are always joyful in spiritual bliss. Since You always appear very happy, I have come to You because I am most unhappy. If You kindly put Your glance over me, I may also become happy.
Lord Nityananda is one who gives bliss. We also pray in this way because such a prayer was written by Srila Narottama Das Thakur. He prays to the Lord that You are always blissful and I'm always miserable. Please let me have Your merciful glance so that I'll also be happy. Every day when we chant we pray to Pancatattva before every round.
I offer my respectful obeisances unto Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Lord Nityananda, Sri Advaita, Gadadhara Pandit, Srivas Thakur, and all the devotees of Lord Caitanya.
We pray to everyone Lord Caitanya, Nityanand Prabhu, Advaita Acarya, Gadadhara Pandit, Srivas Thakur. On the left-hand side of Lord Caitanya, He has Gadadhar who is an incarnation of Radharani.
Let me offer my obeisances unto Lord Sri Krsna, who has manifested Himself in five as a devotee, expansion of a devotee, incarnation of a devotee, pure devotee, and devotional energy. (CC Adi lila, 7.6)
The Pancatattva are a five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, featured as five tattvas (truths). In Mayapur, we have Pancatattva who are worshipped. We worship Caitanya Mahaprabhu along with four members. Somewhere Lord Caitanya is worshipped along with Lord Nityanand or Lord Gadadhar. Like Srila Bhakti Vinod Thakur would worship Gaura Gadadhar at Svananda-sukhada-kunja (Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura’s House), worshipping of Gaur-Nityananda means worshipping Krsna and Balarama. And worshipping Gaura Gadadhar means worshipping Krsna and Radha. It's quite complex. Gauranga is Radha Krsna Himself, still He has Radharani on His left appearing as Gadadhar.
sri krsna caitanya radha krsna nahe anya (Caitanya Bhagavata)
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu is none other than the combined form of Sri Sri Radha and Krsna.
Radharani can't always stay with Krsna in Vrindavan. They are social bonds and they have to hide and meet. Radharani always wants to meet Him. She always wants to stay with Krsna. This desire of Radharani is fulfilled when She appears as Gadadhar in Gaura lila. Her form is like that of a man.
Let's speak about Nityananda Prabhu. The founder of this Sankirtana movement is Nityananda Prabhu. It’s team effort. It's like Gaura-Nitai, Rama and Laksman working together. Hare Krishna Movement was started by Gauranga Mahaprabhu and Nityanand Prabhu. In Rama-Lila Rama Laksman stay together. Rama is Vasudev and Laksman is Sankarsana. Caturvyuha ( Vasudev, Annirudha, Sankarsana, Pradyumna) stay together. So Vasudev is Rama and Sankarsana is Laksman. Krsna is Vāsudeva as He is the son of Vasudev. Balaram is Sankarsana.
Krsna Balarama also stayed together as you can read in Sila Prabhupad's Krsna book or the 10th canto of Srimad-Bhagavatam. When Balarama was not there Krsna got into trouble. When Lord Brahma stole the cowherd boys, Balarama was not there. Also in Damodar-Lila Krsna got bound to the mortar when Balarama was not there. In the same way, Gauranga Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Mahaprabhu stay together. They met each other when Lord Caitanya was 20 years old. At Kuruksetra also Krsna and Balarama were not together. As Lord Balarama went on pilgrimage all across Bharat, Lord Nityananda also went on pilgrimage following in His footsteps. He got to know about the birth of Lord Caitanya in Navadvipa when He was at Radha-kunda in Vrindavan. Then He stopped His yatra and He went to meet Lord Caitanya at Nandan Acarya Bhavan at Navadvipa. Then they always stayed together. When they met each other, the Sankirtana movement started at Srivas Thakur's courtyard. Srivas Thakur is Narada Muni. All members of Pancatattva joined there. Nityanand Prabhu is a very close associate of Lord Caitanya. He also joined. Advaita Acarya from Santipur also constructed His house ( Advaita Bhavan) in Mayapur and joined. Gadadhar stayed there only. In this way, the Sankirtana movement was started by Pancatattva. Initially the kirtana happened as it happens in Goloka. In Goloka, there is Svetadvipa and Navadvipa. In Goloka, there is Vrindavan and Navadvipa. Both Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu are residents of Goloka.
tābhir ya eva nija-rūpatayā kalābhiḥ
goloka eva nivasaty akhilātma-bhūto
govindam ādi-puruṣaṁ tam ahaṁ bhajāmi
"The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Govinda, the one who enlivens the senses of everyone by His personal bodily rays, resides in His transcendental abode, called Goloka. Yet He is present in every nook and corner of His creation by expansion of happy spiritual rays, equal in power to His personal potency of bliss." He is therefore simultaneously personal and impersonal by His inconceivable potency, or He is the one without a second, displaying complete unity in a diversity of material and spiritual manifestations. He is separate from everything, and still nothing is different from Him.( Brahma-saṁhitā (5.37)
In Vrindavan there is Krsna and in Navadvipa there is Krsna Caitanya. So in Navadvipa over there, there is constant kirtana of Hare Krishna.
Hare Krishna Hare Krishna
Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama Hare Rama
Rama Rama Hare Hare
As a sadhaka we also do kirtana. Perfection comes from sadhana. We keep on doing this sadhana. If we are not feeling to chant it always means there is no perfection of this sadhana.
Kirtaniya sada hari means even if we leave this body, still we will keep on chanting in Goloka. Life is never terminated. The living entity always lives. In the Lord's abode also there is constant kirtana. We have to practice in such a way that it becomes natural for us.
As the kirtana which was happening in Srivas Angan was prakata lila of Lord Caitanya, there was entry for only pure devotees. Only pure devotees were allowed to enter and chant. Advaita Acarya had a problem with this. He was thinking that he had invited Lord Caitanya Who had mercifully appeared, but he had called Him to reestablish religious principles.
yadā yadā hi dharmasya glānir bhavati bhārata
abhyutthānam adharmasya tadātmānaṁ sṛijāmyaham ( BG 4.7)
Whenever there is a decline in righteousness and an increase in unrighteousness, O Arjun, at that time I manifest myself on earth.
Before the appearance of Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Advaita Acarya had appeared, who is an incarnation of Maha-Visnu. When he saw that there is a decline of righteousness, he prayed to the Lord, Who then mercifully appeared. But Mahaprabhu was not doing anything to reestablish dharma. Initially, He always did kirtana with pure devotees which He usually does in Goloka. Then on Advaita Acarya’s request Sankirtana began.
Udilo Aruna Puraba Bhage by Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura from Gitavali
udilo aruna puraba-bhage,
dwija-mani gora amani jage,
bhakata-samuha loiya sathe,
gela nagara-braje (Verse 1)
When the rising sun appeared in the East, the jewel of the twice-born, Lord Gaurasundara, awakened, and, taking His devotees with Him, He went all over the countryside towns and villages
‘tathai tathai bajalo khol,
ghana ghana tahe jhajera rol,
preme dhala dhala sonara anga,
carane nupura baje ( Verse 2)
The mrdangas (khol) resounded "tathai, tathai," and the jhanjha [large metal karatalas that look like small cymbals] in that kirtana played in time. Lord Gauranga's golden form slightly trembled in ecstatic love of Godhead, and His footbells jingled.
Sankirtana began and Lord Caitanya started to inspire everyone.
krsna-nama-sudha koriya pan,
nama bina kichu nahiko aro,
caudda-bhuvana-majhe (Verse 8)
Drink the pure nectar of the holy name of Krsna. There is nothing but the name to be had in the fourteen worlds. It has filled the soul of Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura.
In this way, Sankirtana started and reached all of you.
Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu ki jay!
Nityananda Prabhu ki jay!
Advaita Acarya ki Jay!
Gadadhar Pandit ki jay!
Srivas Thakur ki jay!
Gaur Bhakta Vrinda ki jay!