20 August 2020
Day 1: Radharani - Bestower of pleasure!
Hare Krishna! Devotees from 793 locations are chanting with us today. Jai
Radhe! When you chant, do you remember Srimati Radharani or not?
Hare Krishna Hare Krishna
Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama Hare Rama
Rama Rama Hare Hare
iti sodasakam namnam kali kalmasa nasanam
natah parataropayah sarva vedesu drusyate
In this way, the collection of sixteen names is the only destroyer of sins in Kali-yuga. No other remedy can be found in any part of the Vedic literature. (Text 6, Kali Santarana Upanishad)
Now listen carefully to the Japa-talk ! We don't have to stop chanting, just take a break. It is only because we are discussing the importance of the holy name. Otherwise chanting must go on. Radhaśtami is approaching. Radhaśtami Mahotsava ki jai! We will celebrate Radhaśtami on 26 August. We have 7 days (saptāha). Āha means day. I am planning to speak about Srimati Radharani for the next 7 days during the japa talk. Is this topic all right? You may show a thumbs up on the screen. Like we discussed Krsna Katha for 7 days before Janmastami, similarly I thought why not discuss Radharani's Katha before Radhastami. I can see everyone is welcoming this idea. Jai Radhe!
janma karma ca me divyam
evaṁ yo vetti tattvataḥ
tyaktvā dehaṁ punar janma
naiti mām eti so ’rjuna
One who knows the transcendental nature of My appearance and activities does not, upon leaving the body, take his birth again in this material world, but attains My eternal abode, O Arjuna. (B.G. 4.9)
The Lord says, "One has to philosophically understand My transcendental birth and actions so that at the time of death, one can attain My eternal abode." Are you going to die? We cannot live forever. When we say Krsna, Radha is part of the package. This is applicable to Srimati Radharani as well. Krsna is incomplete without Srimati Radharani. If Krsna is the Powerful, then Radharani is the Power. The Supreme Personality and the Nature, they are two in one.
shakti shaktimatayo abedha
Radha (energy/ shakti) and Krsna (shaktimaan) are non-different. They unite to be complete.
rādhā kṛṣṇa-praṇaya-vikṛtir hlādinī śaktir asmād
ekātmānāv api bhuvi purā deha-bhedaṁ gatau tau
caitanyākhyaṁ prakaṭam adhunā tad-dvayaṁ caikyam āptaṁ
rādhā-bhāva-dyuti-suvalitaṁ naumi kṛṣṇa-svarūpam
The loving affairs of Śrī Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa are transcendental manifestations of the Lord’s internal pleasure-giving potency. Although Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa are one in Their identity, previously They separated Themselves. Now these two transcendental identities have again united, in the form of Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya. I bow down to Him, who has manifested Himself with the sentiment and complexion of Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī although He is Kṛṣṇa Himself. (CC Ādi 1.5)
Krsna Dasa Kavirāja Goswami has written in Caitanya Caritāmrta that Krsna and Radha are one single soul, but for performing the pastimes, They become two different bodies as Krsna and Radha. The Ahlāhdini energy of Krsna is personified as Radharani. This energy takes the form of the all beautiful Srimati Radharani. This way one, turns into two. They are the Supreme Personality and the Nature.
Hare Krishna Hare Krishna
Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama Hare Rama
Rama Rama Hare Hare
This energy, becomes personified, by appearing as Radharani, and serves the Lord. The Lord's form is sat-cit-ānanda Vigraha. Vigraha means form. This is made up of 3 energies,
1. Sandhini for sat, eternal truth. It maintains the eternity of Krsna.
2. samvit for cit. The Samvit energy, where 'vit' means knowledge, is the reason for Krsna to be omniscient and to let Him be known everywhere. This energy keeps Him informed every time. These things are inconceivable. In this way, the Lord is Sat-eternal, cit-all knowledgeable
3. hladini for ānanda always blissful. And the bliss giving energy is hladini. The Lord has created this energy. All powerful and His energy are non different.
Do not misunderstand that because somehow Krsna has possessed these energies so he became Lord. He is the cause of all causes. He only has made these energies, Sandhini, Samvit and Hladini. Hladini energy is personified as Śrimati Radharani. The work of this energy is to give bliss to the Lord. All the happiness, pleasure, comforts are the by-products of bliss.
Radharani or hladini energy, who always keeps Krsna in bliss. This is such an important service. It is the main and the only duty of energy to serve the Powerful. That's why Radharani keeps the Lord in bliss. Radharani is not the only bliss giving energy or servant, there are so many who give bliss to the Lord. But among all those servants and energies, Radharani is the one who gives maximum bliss to Krsna. There are further three energies of the Lord, internal potency, external potency and marginal potency. We are His marginal potency.
Do not get confused by this, but this is the truth. When Caitanya Mahāprabhu and Rāya Rāmānanda were having a conversation, then Rāya Rāmānanda says that Radharani gives bliss to Krsna, but the reason behind the bliss of Jīvas, is also Radharani. Marginal potency (jīvas) is nature and the Lord is the Supreme Personality. Well, though it appears as if Raya Ramanand is saying this, but it was Caitanya Mahaprabhu who made him say this. This is the great truth.
īśvaraḥ paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ
anādir ādir govindaḥ
Kṛṣṇa who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes. (Śrī brahma-saṁhitā 5.1)
We say that Krsna is the Giver of happiness and bliss, but actually it is Radharani who gives us all the bliss.
satyam satyam punah satyam
satyam eva punah punah,
vina radha prasadena, mat-prasado na vidyate
Shri Krishn says: O Narada! I tell you truly truly, again truly, truly, again and again - without the mercy of Shrimati Radharani, one cannot attain my mercy. (Narada Purana)
Repeating the truth again and again, without the mercy of Radharani, Krsna's mercy cannot be achieved. Krsna's mercy is bliss and that is achieved from Radharani.
mahātmānas tu māṁ pārtha
daivīṁ prakṛtim āśritāḥ
jñātvā bhūtādim avyayam
O son of Pṛthā, those who are not deluded, the great souls, are under the protection of the divine nature. They are fully engaged in devotional service because they know Me as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, original and inexhaustible. (B. G. 9.13)
Krsna has defined the definition of a Mahatma. He says, "O Parth! Understand from Me the actual meaning of a Mahatma. The one who takes shelter of My transcendental energy will be a mahatma." Radharani is this transcendental energy. Lord says, "Go to Radharani. Take shelter of Srimati Radharani." This shelter of Radharani then becomes Guru ashray, Shelter of a spiritual master. We cannot directly get the mercy of Radharani.
imaṁ rājarṣayo viduḥ
sa kāleneha mahatā
yogo naṣṭaḥ paran-tapa
This supreme science was thus received through the chain of disciplic succession, and the saintly kings understood it in that way. But in course of time the succession was broken, and therefore the science as it is appears to be lost. (B.G. 4.2)
Many devotees sing, -
Radharani Ki Jai!
Maharani ki jai!!
Barsane wali ki Jai Jai Jai!!!
Radharani became Barsanewali later on. Many devotees are not aware of this fact. I was also not aware of it earlier. Radharani appeared in a place called Raval near Gokul, not Barsana which is near Nandagram. You have heard during Krsna Janmastami special katha that the residents of Gokula shifted from Gokula to Shaktavart or Chatikara first and then further moved to Nandagram, similarly here the residents of Raval shifted to Barsana.
Srimati Radharani, I offer my respects to You whose bodily complexion is like molten gold. O Goddess, You are the queen of Vrindavan. You are the daughter of King Vrishabhanu, and are very dear to Lord Krishna. (Radharani pranāma mantra)
Vrsabhanu was Srimati Radharani’s father and also the head of Raval village and now of Barsana. Radharani is known as Haripriya, beloved of Krsna. Secondly she is known as Vrsbhanu sutā, which means the daughter of Vrsbhanu. Suta means son. Sridama was the son of Vrsbhanu. He was Vrsbhanu suta. Vrsabhanu had two daughters. One is Radharani and another is Ananda manjari. They both are Vrsbhanu sutā. Sutā is addressed as sute like we address Radha as Radhe. Vrshhanu and Ravalvasis then shifted from Raval, after crossing Yamuna, to a place called Basanti near a village called Raal. Like Gokulavasis first shifted to Shaktavart. Raal is between Vrindavan and Radha- kunda. Then they further shifted to Barsana. Barsana was first named Vrsabhanupur, but then gradually the name changed to Barsana. This way Radharani was earlier Ravalwali then later became known as Barsanewali.
One more village is important for Radharani. After marriage with Abhimanyu, She went to Her in-laws place. She spent most of the time there after the marriage. This is near Nandagram. Measuring Vrindavan is an offense, but for location understanding, I am explaining. Barsana and Nandagram are like 8-10 kilometers apart. Radharani's in-laws village's name is Jawat. This Jawat village is 2 kms away from Nandagram. Radharani started living there after Her marriage with Abhimanyu. She visits her mother's place in Barsana many times. Whenever she visits Barsana, she is invited by Yashoda maiya in Nandagram to cook for Krsna. Radharani is the best cook. She is a matchless cook. Yasoda maiya chooses Her so that she can offer the best food to Krsna. Then Radharani cooks for Krsna everyday. Whoever eats the food cooked by Radharani is blessed with long-life. This was a boon by sage Durvasa to Radharani. Yasoda was aware of this boon and so she used to invite Radharani to come and cook again and again or even daily.
Now we shall stop here and continue further from tomorrow. Topic will be Srimati Radharani. There is no proper sequence, but we will talk about Radharani. Krsna and Vrindavan will of course be a part of our Katha. Discuss these pastimes with others and let them take shelter of Srimati Radharani. 'Mahatma' is soul and not the body. The soul takes shelter. Body as such never takes shelter. It doesn't have any understanding. Any person or soul, male or female can become a 'Mahatma' by taking shelter.
radhe tere charano ki dhul yadi mil jae, takdeer badal jaye
All those who take shelter of Srimati Radharani will become fortunate. (song)
They will become Krishna conscious and get an eternal and blissful life. Ok I will stop. Gaura premanande Hari Haribol!
If you wish to write something, we could wait for you. If you have any question or realization, you can share. I will wait for a few minutes. If you wish, you could write in the chat box. We have sent the replies to the questions asked earlier. There are also conversations happening on the questions. That's ok. You can do bodhayantaḥ parasparam.
kathayantaś ca māṁ nityaṁ
tuṣyanti ca ramanti ca
The thoughts of My pure devotees dwell in Me, their lives are fully devoted to My service, and they derive great satisfaction and bliss from always enlightening one another and conversing about Me. (B.G. 10.9)
You can also answer the questions being asked, if you know the answer. This way conversations and enlightening one another will take place. Share your realizations. Whatever you write, everyone can read. Do you know where to read all this? Whatever you write, is being published after editing. You can read Radharani's katha. If you have any suggestion on how to celebrate Radhaśtami or how your preparations for Radhaśtami are going on, you can share. You can also read ‘Vraja-mandala darsana' . This is also one resource to read about Radharani, her village, Radha-kunda. This book is available in Hindi, English, Bengali, Spanish and Russian.
Ok we are stopping here. Hare Krishna!