3rd May 2019
YAMARAJ'S INSTRUCTIONS TO YAMADUTAS
Congratulations to all of you chanters as the score has increased. Yesterday I had said, today's talk will be by Yamaraja. Have you ever met him? Many times, many many times, but you have forgotten. So, today we will hear from Yamaraja. We will listen to his thoughts. Due to time constraints we can't make it like storytelling, but some of his thoughts we will present.
This talk of Yamaraj comes in the beginning of sixth canto of Bhagavatam, chapter 3. At end of fifth canto there is description of hellish planets. So, Parikshit Maharaj inquired, whether there is any way, so that suffering could be avoided. In response to that inquiry by King Parikshit, Sukadeva Goswami narrates the glory of the holy name & hence he described this story of Ajamila.
Another way he said, "The way you could avoid going to hell is chanting of the holy names." Harer nama eva kevalam.
(CC Adi 7.76)
Yesterday, we talked about how first time Yamadutas returned empty handed & they couldn't bring Ajamila. When Yamadutas returned to Yamaraja their first question was:
kati santīha śāstāro,
jīva-lokasya vai prabho
karma,phalābhivyakti-hetavaḥ (SB. 6.3.4)
Their question was 'How many controllers are there? We thought you were the only one. But today we had some other experience. Someone intervened & stopped us from bringing Ajamila to you.’
Yamaraja explained, no! no ! I am not the supreme controller.’
paro mad-anyo jagatas tasthuṣaś ca
otaṁ protaṁ paṭavad yatra viśvam
yad-amśato 'sya sthiti-janma-nāśā
nasy otavad yasya vaśe ca lokaḥ
He admitted. Iam not the supreme controller. He is the Supreme Lord. Yamaraja explains & reveals the fact that, Supreme Lord is superior to him. Then there is long talk in great detail about how He controls.
ahaṁ mahendro nirṛtiḥ pracetāḥ
somo 'gnir īśaḥ pavano viriñciḥ
āditya-viśve vasavo 'tha sādhyā
marud-gaṇā rudra-gaṇāḥ sasiddhāḥ.
( SB 6.3.14)
All these parties are governed by the Lord. We may be Ishwara, but Lord is Supreme controller - Parameshwar.
īśvaraḥ paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ
anādir ādir govindaḥ
sarva-kāraṇa-kāraṇam (BS. 5.1)
Like that Brahma also has said that, Parameshwar is Krishna.
dharmaṁ tu sākṣād bhagavat-praṇītaṁ
na vai vidur ṛṣayo nāpi devāḥ
na siddha-mukhyā asurā manuṣyāḥ
kuto nu vidyādhara-cāraṇādayaḥ (SB. 6 3.19)
Yamaraja explained, that dharma is given by the Lord. Dharma means laws of the Lord, which governs the world. This dharma is given by the Lord. Yamaraja says, all of you my dutas should understand, that dharma which you follow, that laws are not given by me. They are given by Param niyamak - Parameshwar.
We follow, we abide by the laws given by the Lord, in the form of codes of dharma. Yamaraja is a kind of giving his ID, or introduction. He says there are twelve persons called 'Bhagvats'. They are the knowers of that dharma given by the Lord. Swayambhuva, Naradha, Shambhu, Kumaro Kapilo Manu Balir Vaiyasaki vayam.
He gives the list of 'Dwadash - Bhagvats' or Mahajans. He explains, I am included in those Mahajans & we know dharma & we practice that dharma. Yamaraja is kind of big judge or supreme Court judge, when it comes to judgement. He is not only strict punisher but he is knowledgeable. He has to make so many decisions, about each living entities’ destination. It's a big responsibility. But he doesn't take those decisions, whimsically. He follows, the code of conduct given by the Lord.
striyāḥ praviṣṭa udaraṁ
puṁso retaḥ-kaṇāśrayaḥ (SB 3.31.1)
He analyses whether someone has done 'karma', or 'akarma' means devotional service or vikarma - sinful activities, & taking all that into consideration, he gives the judgement. So, now Yamaraja is giving some special instructions or even warning to Yamadutas, his messengers. Please take note of this, Beware! Yamaraja was giving them job description, or reminding them of do's & don'ts. You do this! & don't do this ! Bring such person to me but don't touch or even look at that person. Then Yamaraj tells
tān ānayadhvam asato vimukhān mukunda-
niṣkiñcanaiḥ paramahaṁsa-kulair asaṅgair
juṣṭād gṛhe niraya-vartmani baddha-tṛṣṇān
Bring those people to me who are vimukha, those who are against Lord. Whom you should bring,
mukund padaravind makarandam
Also those who have not developed attraction for the holy name. But others for whom the holy name has become ‘makarand’ or nectar. Those who are relishing the ‘makarand ‘of holy name, those who are offenselessly chanting so they are relishing the nectarine holy name, those who are attentive, don't bring them. Those who have not developed attraction for holy name or Krishna or Krishna's dham or devotees , they have not developed love for them, to all those ‘vimukhan, tan anayadhwam’. Bring those. Then he also says
jihvā na vakti bhagavad-guṇa-nāmadheyaṁ
cetaś ca na smarati tac-caraṇāravindam
kṛṣṇāya no namati yac-chira ekadāpi
tān ānayadhvam asato 'kṛta-viṣṇu-kṛtyān
( S.B. 6.3.29)
Yamaraj says one whose tongue doesn't utter the holy name, tan anayadhwam….. who else cetaś ca na smarati tac-caraṇāravindam
Those who doesn't remember Lord's lotus feet, tan anayadhwam…… Krishnay yo na namati Shir ekadapi…. Those who had never bowed down in front of Krishna - tan anayadhwam…… akrit Vishnukrtyan……. Those who are not performing devotional service unto the Lord, bring them. Then towards the end he says
tasmāt saṅkīrtanaṁ viṣṇor
mahatām api kauravya
Therefore it is advised, conclusion or instructions to us for our knowledge. Yamaraja says ‘tasmat’therefore, ‘sankirtanam vishnum’ - Vishnu's sankirtan or Krishna's sankirtan.
‘Jagan-mangalam’ - it is all auspicious for the world. ‘Ambhasam’ those who are sinful, their lives will become auspicious if they go for sankirtan of Vishnu or Krishnasya sankirtanam, Chaitanya's sankirtanam so ambhasam, those sinful souls in this world there lives will also receive auspiciousness.
Shreyaha kairav chandruka vitaranam
Vidya vadhu jivanam. ( Shikshastakam verse 1)
Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu also has said, that this sankirtan will spread the rays of moon in lives of those sinful folks.
śṛṇvatāṁ gṛṇatāṁ vīryāṇy
uddāmāni harer muhuḥ
yathā sujātayā bhaktyā
śuddhyen nātmā vratādibhiḥ (SB. 6.3.32)
Yamaraj continues by saying we should always hear, chant, glorify the powers of the Lord, pastimes of the Lord, powers of the Lord, beauty of the Lord, names of the Lord.
muhuhu - again & again & again.
So to summarise, you could study this talk by Yamaraja. Now you know where to find. Sixth canto, chapter 3. There is Yamadutas talk. Then Yamaraja has revealed the facts, including the glories of the holy name. This is a homework. By accepting holy name also, one will not have to go through the ‘Yam-yatana’ or
punarapi jananam punarapi maranam punarapi janani jathare shayanam iha sansare khalu dustare krpaya pahi pahi murare.
Pahi pahi murare.
(‘Bhaja Govindam' prayers by Adi Shankaracharya)
Hey Murari please protect me.