The Life and Teachings of Srila Visvanatha Chakravarti Thakura

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śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanya prabhu-nityānanda śrī-advaita gadādhara śrīvāsādi-gaura-bhakta-vṛnda

Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

This is the Hare Krishna maha-mantra and it is also mantra meditation. The object of the meditation is Radha and Krsna. The mantra is about Radha Krsna. We keep on discussing in our Japa talks about the object of meditation and how to meditate. When we meditate on the things which are connected to Krsna, then it's equal to meditating on Krsna. Remembering Krsna's devotees is also remembering Krsna. For the last two days, we are remembering Srila Visvanatha Chakravarti Thakura, his life and teachings. There are innumerable teachings. Acaryas appear in this world to explain everything about Radha Krsna.

I want to explain one more incident today. This incident has been explained in Caitanya-caritamrta, Madhya Lila, Chapter 21 by Krsnadasa Kaviraja Goswami who has written these verses. There is no time to explain it in detail, and if we try to explain it briefly then we can't understand it. This is the problem, but we will try.

kāma-gāyatrī-mantra-rūpa, haya kṛṣṇera svarūpa, sārdha-cabbiśa akṣara tāra haya se akṣara ‘candra’ haya, kṛṣṇe kari’ udaya, trijagat kailā kāmamaya

Translation: “Kṛṣṇa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is identical with the Vedic hymn known as the Kāma-gāyatrī, which is composed of twenty-four and a half syllables. Those syllables are compared to moons that arise in Kṛṣṇa. Thus all three worlds are filled with desire.[ CC Madhya 21.125]

There are many types of gāyatrī, but among them, he is writing about Kāma-gāyatrī. Within this Kāma-gāyatrī there are twenty-four and a half syllables. In it, every syllable is compared to one moon. We call Krsna Krsnacandra as His form resembles the moon. The Gayatri mantra is the svarupa of the Lord. In His form, there are 24 and a half moons. What are they? It is written here in Bengali. He has written that the Lord's face is one moon. It is the king of all moons.

purnendu sundar mukhat

This is one moon. His cheeks are the other two. There is tilak on his forehead which is also one moon. His forehead is also a half-moon. This is like Astami's moon. The Lord has made us like Him. His form is Saccidanand, but our form is of this earth. Till now, we have discussed 4.5 moons. Then there are the 10 nails of His hands, so it becomes 14.5 moons. There are 10 nails of His feet. Ten more moons. It's been said over here that when the Lord plays His flute and His fingers move over the flute, then it's like all these moons are playing the flute. The sound which is produced by the flute is like a glorification by the moon. When the Lord is walking then His ankle bells are not making the sound, but the moons at His feet are singing. In this way the Kāma-gāyatrī is composed of twenty-four and a half syllables. It is the svarupa of the Lord. Such a form of the Lord fills the whole world with love.

The Lord has His 4 kinds of Madhuryas - Lila, Guna, Rupa, and Prema. He fills the whole world with this sweetness. Visvanatha Chakravarti Thakura read that Gayatri mantra in Caitanya Caritamrta. He read that the Gayatri mantra is the svarupa of the Lord and that the Kama Gayatri has 24.5 syllables. Then he read that these 24.5 moons resemble the form of Lord. He couldn't understand this. He thought why 24.5. He could not understand this number. Why not 24 or 25? He searched for the answer in various scriptures, but he didn't get any information about this 24.5. He thought maybe Krsnadasa Kaviraja Goswami has mistakenly written this. But how is it possible. He knew that Krsnadasa Kaviraj Goswami is free from the defect of illusion. There is no question of illusion. He thought whatever he wrote should be correct. He wanted to understand that half a syllable in the Gayatri mantra. He thought how will he possibly get siddhi from this mantra. It is necessary to understand the mantra, then the demigod to whom that mantra belongs, will become happy. He was not understanding how the total count came to 24.5 letters.

When he was failing to get an answer he thought of committing suicide. We remain free from anxiety if we don't understand, but Srila Visvanatha Chakravarti Thakura was not like that. He wanted to realize and experience the 24.5 syllables. One night he reached the bank of Radha-kunda and he had made up his mind that if nobody explained this to him then it was better to give up his life.

The time came near when he was about to give up his life, but at that moment Radharani appeared and stopped him. Radharani knew his problem. She knew what question was troubling him. She gave him darsana, but he was still not understanding this half letter from the grammatical point of view. Then Radharani explained that the Gayatri mantra starts with Kamadevaya Vidmahe She said that if there is a ya before the vi it is pronounced as a half letter in the Gayatri mantra even though it is not considered as a half letter. With this understanding, Krsnadasa Kaviraj Goswami has written 24.5 letters in the Gayatri mantra.

In this way, Radharani became the philosopher, guide and counsellor of Visvanatha Chakravarti Thakura. You all also should have a counsellor to whom you can ask questions. We have said that he has appeared in this world. He is an associate of Radharani and he is Her Manjari. When the Lord appears all His associates appear in the manifest pastimes. Srila Visvanatha Chakravarti Thakura appeared 200 years after the appearance of Lord Caitanya. He was not sadhana siddha, but nitya siddha. Nitya Siddha means they appear from the spiritual world and return there again. If such an acarya writes or speaks it means they know the Lord. We have such acaryas with us. If we accept such acaryas in our life, then we can become knowledgeable.

Krsnadasa Kaviraj Goswami Maharaja ki jai!

He was also a Gopi and he composed Caitanya-caritamrta. The Lord keeps on sending such acaryas to this world. If we come across such acaryas then we can also become an associate of the Lord