26th April 2019
VYAKARAN TURNS SO JUICY!
In temples book distribution scores, Laxmi collection scores are announced. Vrindavan they announce how many visitors chanted one round of mahamantra. This is our japa conference , so we announce how many devotees chanted on the conference.
One little boy, son of Vaikuntheswar Prabhuji, he has been Chanting on this conference, every single day. We congratulate him. Haribol!!
I wanted to say something about 'Hari namamrut Vyakaran’ of Jiva Goswami, which I had been studying since few days. As you know, how Jiva Goswami thought that other Vyakarans are ‘niras’ (without any juice). He felt, his Vyakaran is juicy or nectarian. He calls it Namamrut Vyakaran, which is full of names of the Lord. He writes in the beginning - ‘Narayan udbhut ayam Varna kramaha’
It explains how all the varnas, all letters, all syllables they originate from Narayan. They come from Narayan. Then he also writes this 'Ka’ varga i.e. letters ka , kha, ga , gha, ghya they all appears from throat of Narayan. 'Ch’ varga comes from pallet & 'Pa’ varga from the lips. 'Ta’ varga from the teeth of the Lord. Then there is more detailed explanation also. This is the truth, he is not just speculating, that all the varnas which we utter has origin in Narayan. From varnas we get words, from words we get sentences & from sentences we get essays like that.
Original Narayan is Krishna only. ‘Aham sarvasya prabhavaha’
Krishna has said this in Bhagavad Gita. I am the source of everything. Everything emanates from me.
So someone may have the question, O! all the varnas, syllables have they emanated from you my dear Lord? Lord says -‘yes! yes!’
So this is not a speculation of Jiva Goswami, but it's a fact, that all the varnas originate from the Lord. We can't go into details. Throughout his Vyakaran we see names of the Lord scattered, sprayed, dispersed everywhere. As it is said
vede rāmāyaṇe caiva purāṇe bhārate tathā ādāv ante ca madhye ca hariḥ sarvatra gīyate (CC adi 7.131)
So, in this Vyakaran, you will find everywhere, names of the Lord. Taradrdo chaturdusha sarveswaraha
Swaras or 14 vowels are called as ‘Sarveswaraha’. He is giving names to 'A aa ei ee u ………’ these vowels as Sarveshwara. Going down He says first ten varnas are Dashavataras. The pairs of ‘A Aa’ then 'ei ee’ , ‘ u oo’ this is called as 'Ekatama’. Purvo vamanaha…. First Varna in each pair is Vaman - A, ei, u … all these ‘hrswa’ Swaras are Vaman. Paras trivikramah.
The long - Aa, ee, oo .. these gets the name Trivikrama. ‘A’ is vaman, 'Aa’ is Trivikrama. 'ei’ is Vaman & 'ee’ is Trivikrama. It's amazing. A & Aa as varjitaha Sarveshwaraha. ishwaraha - all these vowels, excluding ‘A & Aa’ remaining 12 vowels, he names them as Iswaraha. Dashavatara ishaha - Dashavatara excluding ‘A& Aa’ are Ishaha.
First of all this is introduction to the grammar or Vyakaran. This is a first chapter of Harinaam Vyakaran. He says first ones ‘A ,Aa, ei, ee, u, oo ‘ these are called Anant. Only 'ei, ee, u oo’ these are called as Chatushanaha i.e. four kumaras. The next 'u , oo, rhi, rhoo’ are called as ‘Chaturbhuja’. The next ones ‘ae, ei, o, ou’ they get the name ‘ Chaturvyuha’. Anuswar (nasal sound) 'aam’ they get the name Vishnu-chakra. 'Aham’ i.e. chandrabindu moon like sign with dot on it is called ‘Vishnuchapaha’.
Last 'Aha’ that is ‘Visarga’, in Panini's Vyakaran it is termed as ‘sargaha’. Jiva Goswami names them as Vishnu-sargaha. He is Krishnazing those names, so to sarga he calls as Vishnu-sargaha. Ka dayo Vishnujanaha. All varnas from 'K’ onwards are called Vishnujans. Earlier he was dealing with vowels, now he is dealing with consonants or 'Vyanjanas’.
All the Vyanjanas, ‘K kha, Cha Chha, ja za , pa pha‘ are called Vishnujans. It's quite interesting. These groups of five varnas , where each one has five varnas 'Ka’ varga, 'Cha’ varga, 'Ta’ varga there are five of them. He calls them as Vishnu-vargas.
We count them horizontally. ‘Ka kha ga gha, ‘Cha chha, ja za...’, ‘Ta tha, da dha…..’ , 'Pa pha ba bha…. ‘ this is horizontal. But when we call these varnas vertically ‘Ka Cha Ta ta Pa’.
He calls them by different names as 'Harikamalani’. First word is ‘Ka’ so Harikamalani. Next group is 'Kha , Chha, tha pha … ‘ these gets the name 'Hari-khadgaha’. ‘ Ga, za, Da, D, Ba’ these gets the name ‘ ‘Harigada’. Then 'Gha, za, dha, bha’ are called as 'Hari-ghoshaha’. That is conch shell of the Lord. Then the ending ones ‘ghya, na, naa, Ma‘ is termed as 'Hari-venu’ that is flute of the Lord.
Etad vargitaha Vishnudasaha. And then remaining consonants are called 'Vishnu-dasas’. ‘Ya Ra La, Va, Sha, Sa’ these are 'Vishnu-dasas’. There is a special group of four, ‘ Ya, Ra, La, Va’ they are called 'Hari-Mitrani’ that is Hari’s friends. ‘Sha Shha, Sa Ha’ , he calls them as ‘Hari-gotrani’. 'Sha Sa Ksha’ this is 'Shauraya’ like 'Hari-Shauri'. And then putting these last three groups, Vishnudasas & Harigotrani are called ‘Vaishnavas’. When we put all Harigada, Harighosh, Harivenu, Harimitrani Khashcha together, they are called Gopala. There is a reason why these groupings are there in Grammar. That happens in these groups, that when different rules are applied to this group to that group, to that combination. Any other Vishnujans, other then Gopala's are called Yadavas. There is one more name 'Satvataha’. 'Yadavas’ excluding 'Shauri's are called 'Satvataha’. Varnaswarupe Ramaha… The word ‘Rama’ is used to designate single Varna. Every Varna he, called this as ‘Rama’.
As A - Rama, or AA - Rama, or Ka - Rama or Pa - Rama, all the varnas also get one name and they are all called Ramas.
Virinchi - ‘aadesha’ substitution is called virinchi is also Brahma's name.
When something is substituted one Varna is removed and other one is put in that place this is called substitution and that gets the name ‘Virinchi’
Aagama ha Visnoh,- insertion is called ‘Visnoh’.
Lopaha - deletion - when something is deleted in grammar, there is a grammatical rule, if it is to be deleted that is called Lopaha or haraha - take away.
Kṛṣṇa di e harti - so Hari both, harihar is not two it is one.
It goes on, there is no end, all these rules of grammar is pervaded with names of the Lord.
Namas are everywhere, so as one studies, it's also explained that this was not clearly known to the author here. Translator either Rupa Goswami or Sanatana Goswami had begun this work of Harinamamrut Vkyakran, and that literature was called ‘Laghu Hari Namamrut Vyakaran.’
Then Srila Jiva Goswami he expanded that and made it Brihad or full fledged.
It was tasteless Jiva Goswami made it very tasty very juicy. It will be great for those who could manage to study this. Our Godbrother late Gopiparanadhana Prabhu, when he had his vidyapith, in Goverdhan he used to teach this Harinamamrut Vyakaran.
Those who wish to learn could also learn. There are many scholars in ISKCON.
This way Srila Jiva Goswami has glorified the holy names of Lord through this Grammar Harinaamamrut Vyakaran.
Be busy all day, it's not chanting that all we do, our day begins with chanting and we beg for lots of Devotional service. We have been saying that if you have chanted sincerely and Lord has heard your prayers then he will give lots of Devotional service to you.
Srila Prabhupada wanted us to be busy serving Kṛṣṇa for how many hours? 24 hours a day.
Harer nama Eva kevalam.
(CC adi 7.26) & seva yogyam kuru (Explanation of mahamantra by Sri Gopal Guru Goswami)
Why SP said 24 hours?
Because there are only 24 hours in a day, had there been 25 hours in a day, he would have said stay busy for 25 hours or 48 hours
Stay busy serving the Lord, remembering the Lord & reminding others about him.