12th June 2019
Glories of Ganges, Gangamata Gosvamini and Baladeva Vidyabhushan
Today is a very auspicious day. Today is Ganga puja. It’s appearance day of Ganga, Ganga Maiya ki jai!
Today is also appearance day of Gangamata Gosvamini ki jai! And today is also disappearance of Baladeva Vidyabhushan. He departed in Vrindavan. There is Samadhi of Baladeva Vidyabhushan in Vrindavan. So these are the three most auspicious occasions, they coincide with this day. So we remember these personalities.
Ganga Maiya ki.Jai!
We could also say, Gangayai namah! Don’t say Gangaya namah, its wrong. So we say Gangayai like Radhayai, Sitayai. That is different from Ramaya, Sivaya, this is Sanskrit pronunciation, grammar which is also associated with the name of Ganges. While offering our obeisances we are going to say Gangayai namah! So remember Ganges and offer your obeisances. Ramaya is okay, Sivaya is okay, but we can’t say Radhaya. Radhayai, Sitayai, Gangayai, like that, this is how it works.
So just don’t commit offenses by pronouncing this pranam mantra wrongly. If you are residing at the bank of Ganges you should go, take holy dip in Ganges today or at least try to manage to get Ganga jal (water) and drink few drops of Ganga jal today, on her appearance day or at least we should remember and we are trying to remember her by talking, remembering about Ganga Maiya.
Glories of Ganges are unlimited and glorious. Jai Ganges!
This is how you address, when you are addressing Ganges you should say Jai Ganga! or Hey Ganga! Thus, you offer obeisances and say Gangayai namah!
pada nakha nira janita jana pavana keshavadrta vamanrupa jai jagadish hare
Jayadeva Gosvami also has glorified Lord Vaman and Ganges in his Dashavatar sotra. Water of Ganges emanate or originate from the lotus feet of the Lord or toenails of the Lord and that water that has washed the lotus feet of the Lord that is Ganges. Ganga is also out of this world, not part of this world. It is also considered perspiration from the body of MahaVishnu and that is Karanodak Jal and some of that jal (water) has entered this universe when Vaman deva becomes Trivikrama.
As He takes second step,His lotus feet touch the covering of the universe and that thick covering of universe was punctured, there was a hole made by Lord’s lotus feet, touch and the water. Karanodak jal started dripping in and that’s how Ganges appeared in the universe. Thus Ganges was then flowing in the svarga, in heaven only. Then king Bhagirath, he made lot of efforts. So many stumbling blocks were there in his attempt in bringing Ganges from heaven to the earth. And because he became responsible for bringing Ganges on earth from heaven, Ganges has another name called Bhagirathi, the person who made all attempts to bring Ganges here on the earth. And by his efforts only today Ganges reached, touched this earthly planet and that place is Gomukha which is on the top of the Himalayan Mountains.
So, today is also called as Ganga puja day, as Ganges was welcomed on this Bhumi planet. She was welcomed and worshiped on this day, Ganga puja day. And then Bhagirath was to bring Ganges to West Bengal, where his forefathers 60,000 of them, sons of king Sagara and their ashes were lying and waiting to be liberated or immersed in Ganges all the way to Ganga sagar, so he had to bring that Ganga from Gomukha to Ganga sagar and Bhagirath did that.
And then Ganges is flowing through Bengal, Ganges is flowing through Navadvip dhama and Ganges is integral part of Navadvip Dhama and Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu performed His lilas at the banks of Ganges. Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu treated and worshiped Ganges as mother Ganges or He had two mothers, mother Saci and mother Ganges. Ganga Maiya ki jai!
Gangamata Gosvamini, you could see her name is also Gangamata and she appeared on Ganga puja day. On the day Ganges appeared on the earth, that day another great personality appeared and her name was Saci initially and later on she was given name Gangamata Gosvamini. This is great personality, Gangamata Gosvamini is considered Acharya, and she is one of our Gaudiya Vaisnava Acharya. There are not so many ladies or women Acharyas in our parampara. One is Nityananda Prabhu’s wife, Jahanva mata and then Gangamata Gosvamini and they were Acharyas and they were initiating disciples.
Gangamata Gosvamini was kind of born devotee and her life was type of renunciation from the childhood, although she was born as a daughter of a king. She was a princess and she had no interest in the kingdom, specially she had no interest in getting married to some mortal, she wanted to marry Krishna only. And her parents wanted her to marry, but she had no interest. So they were appealing to her and hoping that she would get married but she did not. As a result, her parents left the bodies and she continued as a princess or in charge for a while, which also later on she renounced that. And she moved to Jagannath Puri. After spending little time in Jagannath Puri she moved to Vrindavan and she came in contact with Haridas Pandit, exalted devotee of Vrindavan and she was being trained under tutorship of Haridas Pandit in Vrindavan. She was wearing simple clothes, although she was princess and she had certainly lots of wealth at her disposal but she did not wanted some expensive banarasi saris though she could have done so, but she was happy with simple clothing and no ornaments, no golden bangles and jewelry. Very simple renounced life she was leading and Haridas Pandit wanted her to do madhukari, go door to door and beg for alms. Again although she was princess, she was going around, begging for alms. And by seeing all this, these kind of activities, this kind of sadhana, life style of renunciation & devotion Haridas Pandit was pleased and finally she was initiated by Haridas Pandit in Gaudiya parampara. Then after some time in Vrindavan she was asked to go to Jagannath Puri and propagate Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s cult or Gaudiya Vaisanavism. So, she came to Jagannath Puri and she started residing in Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya’s home. You know where Chaitanya Mhaprabhu also had stayed for some time, same house of Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya now Gangamata Gosvamini was residing in Jagannath Puri.
When we were in Jagannath Puri, during yatra last year, all our devotees were brought to Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya’s home and the pastimes or activities of Gangamata Gosvamini also recited or reminded to all the pilgrims that time. When Gangamata Gosvamini was residing at Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya’s residence, the king of Puri, he donated property, just across from where she was residing, that property or place was sacred, well known place, known as Sveta Ganga, there Ganges is present in Puri, donated that land to Gangamata Gosvamini. So one time there was special occasion to go to Ganges and take Ganga snana and every one was going from everywhere including Jagannath Puri pilgrims were going to take bath in Ganga.
Gangamata Gosvamini could not go although she wished to go, she wanted to go , but as she was instructed by Haridas Pandit never ever leave Jagannath Puri, so she could not go to Ganga river and take bath that one day. And then what happened was that day or towards the end of that day late in the night river Ganges appeared in Jagannath Puri and Gangamata Gosvamini was immersing in Ganges water, she was floating and the water of Ganges was rising and rising and there were waves in the water and as a result eventually Gangamata Gosvamini ended up swimming and floating, she ended up in Jagannath Puri temple in the middle of the night. And pujaris were wondering, now they were hearing some sound, Jai Gangamaiya ki Jai, Har Har Gange!
They were hearing so many sounds coming from inside Jagannath temple, so they opened and were surprised to see Gangamata Gosvamini there with Jagannath, Baladeva, Subhadra in the Garbhagriha. And they thought, what are you doing here? Do you want to steal some ornaments of Jagannath, that’s why you came in the middle of the night?
So all those pujaris were accusing her and all those false allegations that she was a thief and causing those entire disturbance and this is time for Lord Jagannath to sleep. What are you doing here? And then she was arrested and imprisoned. Pujaris complained to the king and king ended up in putting her behind the bars. Then Jagannath appeared in the dream of king of Puri. He said, ‘no, no, she is not a thief. She is My pure devotee. And I am the one who made all these arrangements, even bringing Ganges in Jagannath Puri, so that she could take bath in Ganges on this auspicious occasion. And I am the one who brought her in front of Me. You are offenders, you all pujaris and the king, you should release her immediately. And accept her as your spiritual authority. She is Acharya of Gaudiya Vaishnava sampradaya.’
So, Lord Jagannath warned the king and all the pujaris like that. And of course she was released and she stayed on and on in Jagannath Puri. And in the dream also, that ‘you accept her as your spiritual master’ and then Gangamata Gosvamini started giving initiations. Residents of Jagannath Puri and pujaris were getting initiated by her. And like that this is the wonderful life and teachings of Gangamata Gosvamini. She was one of the rare souls, great souls, mahatmas and this is her appearance day today.
Baladeva Vidyabhushan is known as Gaudiya Vedanta Acharya. Gaudiya, Vedanta Acharya and Baladeva Vidyabhushan. What a name! Wonderful name and title of Baladeva Vidyabhushan! Vidya was his bhusan, vidya was his decoration, vidya was his alankar and vidya was beautifying him.
AchintyaBhedabheda tattva of Gaudiya Vaishnava was presented by Baladeva Vidyabhusan and he was born in Remuna Orissa, where Khirachora Gopinath is worshiped in that area his birth took place.
Today is his disappearance day. Then he moved from Orissa to Vrindavan. In Jaipur, Radha Govind was not being worshiped properly as per Gaudiya Vaisnava siddhanta. Even the king was disturbed. There were Ramanandis, followers of Sri sampradaya, Ramanuja sampradaya, they were in charge of worship and they were not allowing Gaudiya vaisnavas to worship Radha Govind. They had separated Radha from Govind. They were thinking, no no, Radha cannot be worshiped with Krishna, with Govind, because they didn’t understand Radha tattva. Gaudiya understand Radha and Krishna. They thought, Gaudiya vaisnavas cannot worship Radha Govind. You are not authorized. Your sampradaya has not written commentary on Vedanta. Where is your bhasya, commentary on Vedanta sutra? If you don’t have commentary on Vedanta sutra then you are not authorized. You cannot be accepted as authorized parampara. So the king of Jaipur also was not happy with the disturbance caused by Ramanandi, the followers of Sri sampradaya. Then he sent message to Vrindavan and Baladeva Vidyabhushan then contacted Vishvanath Chakravarti Thakur. He was Gaudiya Vaishnav protector, but he was too old to go to Jaipur. So he sent Baladeva Vidyabhushan to Jaipur and Baladeva Vidyabhushan had shastrarth dialogue, debate with Ramanandis and he defeated them all by proving the supremacy of Gaudiya Vaishnavism and their siddhanta.
Then Govind did the prompting, the dictation and Baladeva Vidyabhushan was taking notes. This was the commentary on Vedanta sutra. The commentary on Vedanta sutra was revealed unto Baladeva Vidyabhushan by Govinda, Govind Deva.
So when that commentary was ready and this was the first ever commentary of Vedanta sutra of Gaudiya sampradaya, so Baladeva Vidyabhushan named this commentary as ‘Govinda Bhashya’. This bhashya, commentary of Vedanta sutra, who is author of this? Govinda! Govinda! Govinda Himself has written this commentary, so he gave the credit to Govinda and commentary became as Govinda Bhashya.
So, once Gaudiya vaisnavas had their own commentary on Vedanta sutra and then they were accepted as authorized, authentic. Then Gaudiya vaisnavas were allowed to worship, take charge of worship of Radha Govinda and they also brought Radha which was by now placed elsewhere and now Radha and Govinda were being worshiped on the same altar in Jaipur and the Gaudiya vaisnavas were worshipping Radha Govinda.
So this is the glory of Baladeva Vidyabhushan. Baladeva Vidyabhushan ki jai!
He settled the situation and also made our parampara authentic. This is respectable and superior, in fact the super most siddhanta called Achintya Bhedabheda tattva, this is the great contribution of Baladeva Vidyabhushan. We are eternally indebted to Baladeva Vidyabhushan for this commentary and this authenticity.